Monday, 14 May 2018 19:31

Evaluation of the Communicative and Cultural Aspects of ‘Prospect Two’ Based on Cisar’s (2000) Checklist

Esfandiari, M., & Hamidi, H. (2018)

 
Abstract:
Textbooks are vital components of the language teaching programs. By using textbooks, learners can go forward step by step and find their ways; on the other hand, they are a kind of plan for teachers and help them manage their time in order to enhance learning in the classroom. The present study attempted to evaluate the new textbook used in Iranian junior high schools named ‘Prospect 2’ which was introduced by the Iranian ministry of education in 2013. To achieve this aim, Cisar’s (2000) checklist was used to reveal the merits and demerits of the textbook in terms of the communicative and cultural aspects. The sample of this study consisted of 10 teachers from Neka city. The questionnaire included 15 items containing two categories including communicative and cultural (images and culture) aspects. The instrument used in this study was a Likert-scale type questionnaire. The data were analyzed through descriptive methods using the SPSS software version 21. The findings revealed that the more courseware development integrates learners’ language and learning needs, teachers’ readiness to integrate the course books’ orientation, as well as current research on what constitutes adequate language learning, the more they will succeed in contributing to genuine language learning. Also, the occasional inclusion of some aspects of target culture in addition to those of Iranian culture might help ameliorate the efficiency of the book. Finally, using more variety in designing textbook exercises might help increase learners’ motivation.
 
Friday, 11 May 2018 17:22

Baby Talk: A Critical Analysis

Rajabi, P., & Marzoughi, S. (2018)

 
Abstract:
In all speech communities there are probably special ways of talking to young children who differ more or less systematically from the more normal form of the language used in ordinary conversation among adults. Baby talk refers specifically to a speech register, optionally used by caregivers to infants and young children, and is marked by slow rate, exaggerated intonation, high fundamental frequency, many repetitions, simple syntax, and a simple, concrete vocabulary. Conversations with babies serve to introduce new words in many conceptual domains. The here-and-now nature of many conversations with young children helps guarantee joint attention along with physical and linguistic co-presence. It also helps adults interpret what young children are likely to be saying. This allows children to make maximum use of contextual cues in assigning an interpretation of unfamiliar words and constructions. The fact that some form of baby talk is universal in all cultures strongly suggest that it can influence language acquisition, or may in fact, facilitate it. The current study takes a critical stance towards this issue in language acquisition.
 
Friday, 11 May 2018 17:19

‘Language Education Studies’ Volume 4, Issue 1 March, 2018 Contents

Baby Talk: A Critical Analysis

Rajabi, P., & Marzoughi, S. (2018)

 

Evaluation of the Communicative and Cultural Aspects of ‘Prospect Two’ Based on Cisar’s (2000) Checklist

Esfandiari, M., & Hamidi, H. (2018)

Abstract | Access Full Paper
Friday, 11 May 2018 17:19

‘Language Education Studies’ Volume 4, Issue 1 March, 2018 Contents

Baby Talk: A Critical Analysis

Rajabi, P., & Marzoughi, S. (2018)

 

Evaluation of the Communicative and Cultural Aspects of ‘Prospect Two’ Based on Cisar’s (2000) Checklist

Esfandiari, M., & Hamidi, H. (2018)

Abstract | Access Full Paper